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ACADEMIA - The magazine of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Zawartość

ACADEMIA - The magazine of the Polish Academy of Sciences | 2017 | Nr 4 (56) 2017 Extremes |

Abstrakt

The Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences: Technical Sciences (Bull.Pol. Ac.: Tech.) is published bimonthly by the Division IV Engineering Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences, since the beginning of the existence of the PAS in 1952. The journal is peer‐reviewed and is published both in printed and electronic form. It is established for the publication of original high quality papers from multidisciplinary Engineering sciences with the following topics preferred: Artificial and Computational Intelligence, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology, Civil Engineering, Control, Informatics and Robotics, Electronics, Telecommunication and Optoelectronics, Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Thermodynamics, Material Science and Nanotechnology, Power Systems and Power Electronics.

Journal Metrics: JCR Impact Factor 2018: 1.361, 5 Year Impact Factor: 1.323, SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.319, Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.005, CiteScore 2017: 1.27, The Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education 2017: 25 points.

Abbreviations/Acronym: Journal citation: Bull. Pol. Ac.: Tech., ISO: Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci.-Tech. Sci., JCR Abbrev: B POL ACAD SCI-TECH Acronym in the Editorial System: BPASTS.

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Abstrakt

The Polish Academy of Sciences asks prominent experts about the problem with bark beetle outbreaks in the Białowieża Primeval Forest. Should the protection of this ancient forest include felling and removing infected trees?

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Abstrakt

Prof. Anetta Undas from the Jagiellonian University Medical College discusses the sinister force of diseases, the commandments of scientific editing, and the patriotism of scientists.

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Abstrakt

We discuss waste, fuels, and air quality with Prof. Czesława Rosik-Dulewska from the PAS Institute of Environmental Engineering and the Department of Land Protection at the University of Opole.

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Abstrakt

We talk to Assoc. Prof. Paweł Gancarczyk from the PAS Institute of Art about how early music was perceived at the time when it was being composed, what modern musicologists regard as new discoveries and how our identities are shaped by sound.

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Abstrakt

Cartography is the study and practice of making maps. Although originally defined for Earth, the term is also a perfect description of the aims of the VIPERS team, whose members include Polish astronomers.

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Słowa kluczowe: extremes in society

Abstrakt

Extremes in the natural world, such as extreme weather phenomena, are rather unpleasant for people. In turn, the extremes that permeate society have far-reaching consequences. But where should extremes be encouraged?

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Słowa kluczowe: weasels size

Abstrakt

Dr. Paulina Szafrańska from the PAS Mammal Research Institute in Białowieża explains why weasels range so greatly in size.

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Abstrakt

According to some studies, the phenomenon of professional burnout has reached epidemic proportions in today’s world. This applies in particular to those whose jobs involve saving lives: firefighters, police officers, and doctors who perform operations as well as members of the so-called social professions, which are based on close relations with people. This also includes therapists.

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Abstrakt

Not everything which comes from the sky is good for us. But if we’re worried about comets or meteorites crashing into Earth, we should also remember that much of what comes to us from the sky can be the source of momentous discoveries.

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Abstrakt

The Baltic is a unique brakish sea. Its moderate salinity is the result of the fresh river water input and non-periodic inflows of salty, oxygenated waters from the North Sea. However, the balance continually fluctuates. What impact does that have on the sea?

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Słowa kluczowe: gamma rays SST-1M

Abstrakt

Ultra-high-energy gamma rays are stopped by the Earth’s atmosphere before they can reach the planet’s surface. However, our atmosphere could also become a tool for detecting photons with energies in the teraelectronvolt range. By using instruments registering Cherenkov radiation, astronomers conduct observations of sources emitting ultra-high-energy photons with ground-based telescopes.

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Abstrakt

Placoderms are the iconic prehistoric fish from the Devonian. Recent 3D scans have revealed their astonishing anatomical similarities with us humans.

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Słowa kluczowe: women in science

Abstrakt

The presence of women in science, methods of supporting them in pursuing careers in science, and the Polish Young Academy’s plans are discussed by Dr. Anna Ajduk of the University of Warsaw, who is chair of the Polish Young Academy, and its three deputy chairs – Assoc. Prof. Nicole Dołowy-Rybińska from the PAS Institute of Slavic Studies, Assoc. Prof. Monika Kędra from the PAS Institute of Oceanology, and Assoc. Prof. Monika Kwoka of the Silesian University of Technology.

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Słowa kluczowe: cryosphere ice

Abstrakt

When the temperature drops, rivers, lakes and seas become covered with ice, the water vapor in the atmosphere turns into snow crystals, and underground water turns into tiny ice lenses or veins. Glaciers and ice caps are formed in high mountains and in polar regions. All these large and small, visible and invisible forms of solid water on Earth together form what is known as the “cryosphere.”

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Słowa kluczowe: fungi

Abstrakt

When we mention mushrooms, our minds generally turn to grilled champignons for breakfast or gnomes lurking under toadstools. But the taxonomical kingdom to which they belong, the fungi, is actually vast and highly diverse: over one hundred thousand species have been described so far, and scientists estimate that the real number could be as much as fifty times greater. Some fungi have even taken a liking to aviation fuel!

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Słowa kluczowe: food powders

Abstrakt

We discuss meal colors, food-drying secrets, and changing consumer demands with Dr. Anna Michalska from the PAS Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research in Olsztyn.

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Abstrakt

To find out what affected sea level fluctuations in the past, researchers have to turn to the mountains. In ancient geological epochs, today’s Alps and Tatras were actually once on the ocean floor.

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Abstrakt

When something is very, very far to the right, it actually becomes closer to the left – especially to the very, very far left.

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Redakcja

Editorial Staff:

Jan Strelau – honorowy redaktor naczelny

Anna Zawadzka – redaktor naczelna, redaktor działu Nauki humanistyczne

Katarzyna Czarnecka – zastępca redaktor naczelnej, sekretarz redakcji

Agnieszka Kloch – redaktor działu Nauki biomedyczne

Agnieszka Pollo – redaktor działu Nauki ścisłe

Jolanta Iwańczuk – redaktor działu Nauki o Ziemi

Justyna Orłowska – dziennikarz

Andrzej Figatowski – grafik

Renata Modzelewska – redakcja językowa

Sandra Wilk – projekty internetowe

Jakub Ostałowski – obsługa fotograficzna, wydania mobilne

Daniel Sax – tłumaczenia

Scientific Council:

prof. dr hab. Jerzy Duszyński (przewodniczący)

prof. dr hab. Edward Nęcka

prof. dr hab. Grażyna Borkowska

prof. dr hab. Leszek Kaczmarek

prof. dr hab. Romans Micnas

prof. dr hab. Lucjan Pawłowski

prof. dr hab. n. med. Witold Rużyłło

prof. dr hab. Henryk Szymczak

Kontakt

Publisher:

Polish Academy of Sciences

Office for Popularizing and Promoting Science

pl. Defilad 1,

00-901 Warsaw, Poland

e-mail: academia@pan.pl

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