In this simulation study, we used an anatomical computer model of the human ventricles to simulate body surface potentials and magnetic field for 10 single preexcitation sites and 8 pairs of preexcitation sites positioned on the epicardial surface along the atrio-ventricular ring. We demonstrated that electrocardiographic and magnetocardiographic inverse solutions using a pair of equivalent dipoles could be employed in localising dual accessory pathways. Average localisation errors were in the range of 5 to 21 mm and 3 mm to 20 mm, respectively, when body surface potentials and magnetic field were used. Additionally, we have investigated the influence of random lead displacements and limited lead selection on localisation results.
The research described in this contribution is focused on fractographic analysis of the fracture area of newly developed eutectic silumin type AlSi9NiCuMg0.5 (AA 4032), which was developed and patented by a team of staff of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. The paper presents determination of the cause of casting cracks in operating conditions. Fractographic analysis of the fracture area, identification of the structure of the casting, identification of structural components on the surface of the fracture surface and chemical analysis of the material in the area of refraction were performed within the experiment. Al-Si alloys with high specific strength, low density, and good castability are widely used in pressure-molded components for the automotive and aerospace industries. The results shown that the inter-media phases Fe-Al and Fe-Si in aluminium alloys lead to breakage across the entire casting section and a crack that crossed the entire cross section, which was confirmed by EDS analysis.