The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of different fillers on the chosen functional properties of experimental composites based on typical polymeric matrix, in order to understand the effect of different fillers on their properties and to develop a simple base composite for further investigations with experimental fillers, e.g. with antimicrobial properties. Previous experiments have been usually based on commercially available composites of unknown composition or compilation of monomers, without reinforcing fillers. Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate the quality of fillers’ dispersion, which was satisfying. Results showed significant differences between materials’ diametral tensile strength (p = 0.0019), compressive strength (p < 0.0001), Vickers micro-hardness (p < 0.0001), flexural modules (p = 0.0018), and the degree of conversion (p < 0.0001), but flexural strength was not significantly different (p = 0.0583). Investigations indicated that no filler type had an especially positive impact on the mechanical properties, but reinforcement effect was achieved by proper compilation of silica nanofiller and variable glass fillers. Nanofiller decreased the degree of conversion.
The paper analyses the influence of chemical composition of silicone-based composites on their properties in the aspect of using them as long-term soft denture lining materials. Different concentrations of filler and methylhydrosiloxane-dimethylsiloxane copolymer were used. The filler was introduced into the composite with mechanical mixing combined with ultrasonic homogenization. Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate the quality of filler dispersion. Shore A hardness, tensile strength, sorption, solubility and tensile bond strength to poly(methyl methacrylate) were measured. Tests show satisfactory results for some experimental composites, which met all the requirements for such materials.