The considerations presented in the paper relate to one of the most intriguing phenomena, which is the development of oil whirls and oil whips in rotors with journal bearings. This eﬀect is sometimes referred to as ﬂutter, as its origin is in some relation to self-exciting vibrations of the system. Despite the fact that the ﬂutter has been an object of investigation in numerous research centres all over the world, its nature has not been suﬃciently recognized yet. The present paper delivers a description of particular phases of development of the hydrodynamic instability and proposes diagnostic determinants for this state. The object of investigations also included bearings with hybrid lubrication and siphon pockets in the oil gaps. The answer has been received to the question whether the self-exciting vibrations in rotating machines can be avoided, or reduced by means of additional oil supply having the form of siphon oil.