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Abstract

Traffic related noise is currently considered as an environmental pollution. Paper presents results of multidirectional study attempting to serve urban traffic without the need to erect noise barriers interfering urban space. Initial concept of the road expansion included construction of 1000 m of noise barriers dividing city space. Improvement in the acoustic conditions after construction completion is possible due to the applied noise protection measures: vehicle speed limit, smooth of traffic flow, use of road pavement of reduced noise emission and the technical improvement of the tramway.
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Abstract

This work reports the results of a study of Mo thin films synthesis by DC Pulsed Magnetron Sputtering method (PMS), operating at pulse main frequency of 100 kHz and modulated by the additional modulation frequency, driving in the range of 5-1000 Hz (modulated Pulse Magnetron Sputtering – mPMS). We have studied the influence of mPMS on plasma chemical reactions and mechanisms of layer growth using optical emission spectroscopy technique. Our experiment showed strong influence of mPMS method, on the morphology (scanning electron microscopy), phase composition (X-ray diffractometry) and electric properties (4-point probes method) of nanocrystalline and amorphous Mo films. From the utilitarian point of view, low value of resistivity – 43,2 μΩcm of synthesized Mo films predestines them as back contacts for thin solar cells CIGS. Our results revealed that additional modulation frequency should be considered as an important factor for optimization of films synthesis by means of PMS-based methods.
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