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Abstract

The Multi-Tone (MT) signal with uniform amplitudes can be used for DAC testing. This paper shows an easier way to generate a MT signal using several impulse signals. The article also analyzes qualities of methods for testing the dynamic parameters of Digital to Analog Converters using an impulse signal. The MT, Damped Sine Wave (DSW) and Sinx/x (SINC) signals will be used as the source for these tests. The Effective Number of Bits (ENOB) and Signal to noise and distortion (SINAD) are evaluated in the frequency domain and they are modified using the Crest Factor (CF) correction and compared with the standard results of the Sine Wave FFT test. The first advantage of the test using an impulse signal is that you need fewer input parameters to create the band signal for testing the DAC. The second one is to reduce the testing time using a band signal in comparison with multiple tests using a single sine wave.
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Abstract

This paper presents results of evolutionary minimisation of peak-to-peak value of a multi-tone signal. The signal is the sum of multiple tones (channels) with constant amplitudes and frequencies combined with variable phases. An exemplary application is emergency broadcasting using widely used analogue broadcasting techniques: citizens band (CB) or VHF FM commercial broadcasting. The work presented illustrates a relatively simple problem, which, however, is characterised by large combinatorial complexity, so direct (exhaustive) search becomes completely impractical. The process of minimisation is based on genetic algorithm (GA), which proves its usability for given problem. The final result is a significant reduction of peak-to-peak level of given multi-tone signal, demonstrated by three real-life examples.
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