Simulation studies of the hobbing process kinematics can effectively improve the accuracy of the machined gears. The parameters of the cut-off layers constitute the basis for predicting the cutting forces and the workpiece stress-strain state. Usually applied methods for simulation of the hobbing process are based on simplified cutting schemes. Therefore, there are significant differences between the simulated parameters and the real ones. A new method of hobbing process modeling is described in the article. The proposed method is more appropriate, since the algorithm for the momentary transition surfaces formation and computer simulation of the 3D chip cutting sections are based on the results of hobbing cutting processes kinematics and on rheological analysis of the hob cutting process formation. The hobbing process is nonstationary due to the changes in the intensity of plastic strain of the material. The total cutting force is represented as a function of two time-variable parameters, such as the chip’s 3D parameters and the chip thickness ratio depending on the parameters of the machined layer.
The paper presents the results of laboratory tests concerning the cutting process of basket willow by means of disc cutting unit. A disc for cutting wood with diameter of 600mm was used in the tests. The influence of plant’s moisture and the rotary speed of the disc of cutting unit on the unitary energy were determined. The most favorable values of the operating parameters of the cutting unit were selected according to the minimum energy requirement in the cutting process of the tested plant.