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Abstract

Lean manufacturing has been the most deliberated concept ever since its introduction. Many organization across the world implemented lean concept and witnessed dramatic improvements in all contemporary performance parameters. Lean manufacturing has been a sort of mirage for the Indian automotive industry. The present research investigated the key lean barriers to lean implementation through literature survey, confirmatory factor analysis, multiple regression, and analytic network process. The general factors to lean implementation were inadequate lean planning, resource constraints, half-hearted commitment from management, and behavioral issues. The most important factor in the context of lean implementation in Indian automotive industry was inadequate lean planning found with the help of confirmatory factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. Further analysis of these extracted factors through analytic network process suggested the key lean barriers in Indian automotive industry, starting from the most important were absence of proper lean implementation methodology, lack of customer focus, absence of proper lean measurement system, inadequate capital, improper selection of lean tools & practices, leadership issues, resistance to change, and poorly defined roles & responsibilities. Though literature identifying various lean barriers are available. The novelty of current research emerges from the identification and subsequent prioritization of key lean barriers within Indian automotive SMEs environment. The research assists in smooth transition from traditional to lean system by identifying key barriers and developing customized framework of lean implementation for Indian automotive SMEs.
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Abstract

Indian SMEs are going to play pivotal role in transforming Indian economy and achieving double digit growth rate in near future. Performance of Indian SMEs is vital in making India as a most preferred manufacturing destination worldwide under India’s “Make in India Policy”. Current research was based on Indian automotive SMEs. Indian automotive SMEs must develop significant agile capability in order to remain competitive in highly uncertain global environment. One of the objectives of the research was to find various enablers of agility through literature survey. Thereafter questionnaire administered exploratory factor analysis was performed to extract various factors of agility relevant in Indian automotive SMEs environment. Multiple regression analysis was applied to assess the relative importance of these extracted factors. “Responsiveness” was the most important factor followed by “Ability to reconfigure”, “Ability to collaborate”, and “Competency”. Thereafter fuzzy logic bases algorithm was applied to assess the current level of agility of Indian automotive SMEs. It was found as “Slightly Agile”, which was the deviation from the targeted level of agility. Fuzzy ranking methodology facilitated the identification & criticalities of various barriers to agility, so that necessary measures can be taken to improve the current agility level of Indian automotive SMEs. The current research may helpful in finding; key enablers of agility, assessing the level of agility, and ranking of the various enablers of agility to point out the weak zone of agility so that subsequent corrective action may be taken in any industrial environment similar to India automotive SMEs.
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