Science and earth science

Papers on Global Change IGBP


Papers on Global Change IGBP | 2018 | No 25 |

Authors and Affiliations

Zbigniew Łepko
Ryszard F. Sadowski
Małgorzata Gutry-Korycka
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It is contended that, in essence, climate policy is sustainable development policy, given that it postulates the use of renewable resources, and an increase in the effectiveness of use of non-renewable ones. Furthermore, it serves the security of future generations more than present ones; for while unfavourable impacts of climate change are already making their presence felt, truly negative consequences of considerable signifi cance are likely to be more of a matter for the second half of the present century. This is why, in analysing the evolution of the approach to climate policy through the late 20th century and into the 21st, it is also possible to appraise changes in the approach to the sustainable-development concept. This article has therefore sought to offer the author’s analysis of how the approach to sustainable development has evolved, by reference to Poland’s climate policy from 1988 through to 2016. As this is done, an attempt is also made to identify the conditioning that has decided upon and will go on determining the shape of national policy in this domain. Climate policy in Poland has been developing since the early 1990s. At the outset, it was not a source of controversy, with the consequence that the country rather rapidly signed up to and then ratifi ed the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. However, as early as in the late 1990s, reservations began to be expressed, to the effect that actions to protect the climate might pose a threat to Poland’s economy. A key turning point as regards the approach came with the growing dispute over the EU 2020 Climate and Energy Package. It was also at this time that a thesis began to take shape, holding that the goals of climate policy where at best unfavourable and at worst dangerous for Poland. This approach in fact held sway in successive years, leaving this country’s cooperation with the EU over this matter severely hindered. The main reason for this change of approach to climate policy can be considered to lie in the politicisation thereof, and hence the increasing dominance of the short-term interests of the Polish political elite over either the public interest or the security of future generations.

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Authors and Affiliations

Zbigniew M. Karaczun
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Though current conservation policy in Poland refl ects world trends and approaches to action, compliance with all of its assumptions would entail the Polish authorities remodelling both the system and the methods by which natural resources are managed. On the one hand this requires a change of approach to the management of natural resources from the traditional, purely nature-related one, to a more modern inter-disciplinary one that takes in social and economic conditioning. On the other hand, a system need to be put in place to allow these ideas to be introduced in practice. The work described here deals with the participation of different stakeholder groups in nature management, with this regarded as a method of increasing the latter’s effi ciency. The many examples (of good practice) presented by the author well illustrate the wisdom of the approach, which often seems to achieve success where it is attempted.

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Authors and Affiliations

Małgorzata Grodzińska-Jurczak
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This article takes up the matter of contemporary threats to cities and urbanity, setting the problems cities face today against the background of the two categories of the resilient city and the city developing sustainably. The author describes and presents the evolution of the sustainable development concept as such, as well as the generational change in priorities that has taken place where the development of urbanised areas is concerned, given the way the concept has undergone a certain devaluation, in the light of its failure to achieve fulfi lment. The challenges cities face today require multi-faceted activity, in respect of increased inclusivity, robustness and resilience, and flexibility. This leaves today’s idea of the resilient city embracing old elements of the sustainable city, but also augmenting them in various ways.

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Authors and Affiliations

Jacek Kwiatkowski
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Industry 4.0 and the associated idea of society 4.0 pose specific challenges for the concept of sustainable development. These challenges relate, inter alia, to responsibility, in which the changes to date have overall entailed:

• a transition from ex post responsibility to ex ante responsibility (H. Jonas);

• a transition from individual responsibility to corporate social responsibility.

In the context of society 4.0 there is a need for shared responsibility. The problem of justice and therefore the implementation of sustainable development not only becomes an open problem, but also requires constant updating and specifi c optimisation.

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Authors and Affiliations

Andrzej Kiepas
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The purpose of this article is to identify and assess environmental risks that may have the greatest impact on the future of humanity. They were divided into two basic groups, i.e. for natural processes and resources. In addition, climate change is described as different group. The authors decided, that a holistic approach to this issue is more desirable than dividing it into two above-mentioned groups. The comparison of various threats was possible due to the application of identical assessment criteria, such as: the harmfulness, rate of spread, scope and moment of occurrence of a given group of threats. Each of the listed criteria has been evaluated on a five-point scale, where 1 has the smallest and 5 the largest impact force. The obtained results show the leading importance of natural processes in maintaining the existing Earth system. In addition, the authors point to a greater risk of problems related to renewable resources than non-renewable one. As a result, it can be assumed that the current degradation of natural processes and excessive use of resources is likely to lead to the risk of global disasters.

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Authors and Affiliations

Konrad Prandecki
Artur Michałowski
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In 1981, Polish canoeists (members of the Bystrze Academic Travel Club) made the first journey along the waters of the River Colca in the section located in Arequipa Province (Peru), along which the waters flow in a deep canyon. Information on this sporting achievement – and a description of the Canyon and its surrounding area filled the Peruvian press and tourist publications around the world, ensuring that the Colca Canyon became one of the most important goals for tourists anywhere in Peru from that time on. However, mass infl uxes of tourists, noisy trips, the development of hotel infrastructure and other items required in tourism have generated permanent change in the character of the Colca Valley, and done much to influence the lives of its inhabitants.

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Authors and Affiliations

Hildegardo Córdova Aguilar
Mirosława Czerny
Andrzej Czerny
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Biodiversity conservation cannot operate in Central Eastern European countries without a well-established monitoring system, that is dependent on the citizen scientists input. Here we analyse, based on a Polish case: (1) The contribution of NGOs to the national nature monitoring scheme and their collaboration with governmental and scientific institutions and (2) the motivation of citizen scientists to volunteer for NGOs’ monitoring activities. The study comprises a focus group interview, 30 in-depth interviews with coordinators, citizen scientists, experts and a 23 days long participant observation of a model NGO. We have assessed the monitoring input of NGOs as being a contributory factor influencing the biodiversity conservation effectiveness. The cooperation between governmental, scientific institutions and NGOs exists, but is dependent on national funding. Although NGOs highlight the lack of coherence in monitoring methodology, they are willing to join the biodiversity monitoring, especially at the European Ecological Network – Natura 2000 sites. On the other hand the trust concerning cooperation with citizen scientists is limited. However, despite this, they still turned out to be trustworthy partners. The most effective way to maintain cooperation with citizen scientists is to create a bond in a group and to provide them with the opportunity to develop their passion for nature. Our findings have shed light on the growing importance of citizen scientists in biodiversity governance, providing recommendations for development of the effective monitoring schemes based on the volunteer work of citizen scientists.

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Authors and Affiliations

Małgorzata Grodzińska-Jurczak
Hanna Kobierska
Joanna Tusznio
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The Author discusses the present state of Polish geography against the background of the traditional position, and the rapid development taking place after the Second World War. The introduction of new methods and new directions, as well as new organization are considered to have been reflected in the rising international position of Polish geography. Further topics here include the relationship between physical and human geography, the growing de facto separation of these two branches, and the development of several independent sciences rooted in geography but now existing apart from it (like geomorphology, climatology, hydrology, etc. on the physical geography side, with the element of the environment as a subject of study). On the other hand, social economic geography examines the effects of human activity in the environment, thereby synthesizing spatial management and bridging the gap between the earth sciences, the economy and the social sciences. The degradation of environmental resources, explosion of the human population and climate change have all forced geography (and other sciences) to head in the global direction, as well as towards interdisciplinary cooperation, likewise on the level of the world as a whole. If we are to meet the challenges this all entails, we will need to think about creating interdisciplinary problem teams, as well as activating existing organisational structures in science (notably the geographical sciences), with full benefit taken from research centres that run studies on differing spatial scales, in conjunction with international global programmes like the Future Earth. The geography of the future should not be a closed science, but should draw on the knowledge of scholars of various specialisations, seeking environmental solutions that require intervention on both the global and regional scales. Polish geography should participate in this activity, inter alia as part of Future Earth, as a new venture. It can also be regarded as our task to ensure that society is aware of all the above issues.

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Authors and Affiliations

Leszek Starkel

Editorial office

MAŁGORZATA GUTRY-KORYCKA, Warsaw University, Poland

Deputy/ Managing Editor
LESZEK STARKEL– Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization PAS, Warsaw, Poland

Editorial Advisory Board
LARS BÄRRING, Geobiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sweden
MARTIN BENISTON, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
MARCO BINDI, University of Florence, Italy
CHRISTOS GIANNAKOPOULOS, Institute of Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, Greece
REINHARD F. HÜTTL, Brandenburg Technical University, Cottus, Germany
ZBIGNIEW W. KUNDZEWICZ, Institute for the Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Science, Poznań, Poland
GASTONE DEMARÉE, Institut Rogal Meteorologique de Belgique
JOÃO CORTE REAL, University of Evora, Portugal
LESZEK STARKEL, Polish Academy of Science, Kraków, Poland
HANS von STORCH, Meteorological Institute, University of Hamburg, Germany

Language Editors
JAMES RICHARDS – National School of Public Administration Warsaw Poland

Technical Editors
GRAŻYNA SELIGA, Institute of Geography And Spatial Organization , Polish Academy of Science, Warsaw, Poland,
AGATA MARKOWSKA, Director of Polish Academy of Sciences, The Warsaw Printers Science, Poland



Prof. Małgorzata Gutry-Korycka,
Hydrology Department and Regional Studies,
University of Warsaw,
Krakowskie Przedmieście 30,
00-927 Warsaw, Poland,
tel (48-22)5520665, e-mail:

Instructions for authors


The Papers of Global Change IGBP publishes annually and is devoted to the publication of research results in related to all areas of Global Climate Change. The journal is peer-reviewed. The language of the journal is English, verified by native speaker.

Manuscript submission

Manuscripts preferred for publication in Papers of Global Change IGBP are those which:

  • contain original work - which is not published elsewhere in any medium by the authors or anyone else, and is not under consideration for publication in any other medium. This restriction does not apply to review articles
  • are focused on the core aims and scope of the journal - Papers of Global Change IGBP is a scientific journal publishing fundamental research results in all areas of climate change (geophysics, physical geography ecology, climatology, economy, human sciences etc.);
  • are clearly and correctly written - should contain all essential features of a complete scientific paper, should be written in a clear, easy to understand manner, and be readable for a wide audience of scientists;
  • are written in English - should be clearly and grammatically written, in an easily readable style. Attention to detail of the language will avoid severe misunderstandings which might lead to rejection of the paper (Please note that authors who are not native-speakers of English can be provided with help in rewriting their contribution in correct English)
  • are delivered in electronic format


Manuscripts should be emailed directly to the Editor of Papers of Global Change IGBP (Prof. Małgorzata Gutry-Korycka, e-mail:

The covering letter should contain all important details about the submission such as:

  • your full name (submitted by),
  • the full title of your article,
  • the short title,
  • full list of authors,
  • status of article: new, reviewed or accepted (with reference ID if reviewed or accepted),
  • mail address and contact address,
  • telephone/fax numbers,
  • number of attached files,
  • details of any previous or concurrent submission,
  • area you would like to submit your manuscript in,
  • recommendations of reviewers for Editor

Papers of Global Change IGBP publishes:

  • research articles,
  • communications- short reports on new and exciting results of high urgency,
  • review papers - topical mini(reviews) as well as full critical reviews on important subjects reflecting new trends are also included in this section
  • science book reviews.
  • chronicle related with international /national conference connected with global climate  change and theirs consequences.

Peer Review Process

All manuscripts are sent to the appropriate reviewers by Managing Editor. However a submission may be declined by the Editor in Chief without review, if deemed inappropriate for reasons other than scientific merit.


  1. choice of reviewers
  2. The Managing Editor of Papers of Global Change IGBP seek advice from experts of in the appropriate field. Research articles and reviews papers are reviewed by one reviewer.
  3. suggestions from authors
  4. Authors are requested to suggest persons competent to review their manuscript. However please note that this will be treated only as a suggestion, and the final selection of reviewers is exclusively the Editor in Chief's decision.

The Editor in Chief is fully responsible for decisions about manuscripts. The final decision whether to accept or reject a paper rests with him. The Managing Editor communicates the final de, cision, and informs the authors about further processing.

Revised manuscript submission

When revision of a manuscript is requested, authors should return the revised version of their manuscript as soon as possible. Prompt action may ensure fast publication if a paper is finally accepted for publication in Papers of Global Change IGBP. If it is the first revision of an article authors need to return their revised manuscript within 60 days. If it is the second revision authors need to return their revised manuscript within 14 days. If these deadlines are not met, and no specific arrangements for completion have been made with the Managing Editor, the manuscript will be treated as a new one with a new registration date


Final Proofreading

Authors will receive a pdf file with the edited version of their manuscript for final proofreading. This is the last opportunity to view an article before its publication on the journal web site. No changes or modifications can be introduced once it is published. Thus authors are requested to check their proof pages carefully against manuscript within 3 working days and prepare a separate document containing all changes that should be introduced. Authors are sometimes asked to provide additional comments and explanations in response to remarks and queries from the language or technical editors.


Early Bird Service

Manuscripts accepted for publication are published on-line in so called Early Bird service as soon as they are ready for publication (that is when final proofreading is performed by authors, and all concerns are resolved). Once a manuscript appears on the Web site it is considered as published.



After publication, the corresponding author is notified by email, and receives a pdf file with the published version of the manuscript.


Papers version

At the end of the year the paper version of Papers of Global Change IGBP is printed. Every Author receives his own copy of the journal by regular mail.



If any errors are detected in the published material they should be reported to the Managing Editor. The corresponding authors should send appropriate corrected material to the Managing Editor via email. This material will be considered for publication in the earliest available issue of Papers of Global Change IGBP.


Transfer of Copyright Agreement

A properly completed Transfer of Copyright Agreement must be provided for each submitted manuscript. A form can be downloaded from the Papers of Global Change IGBP website. Transfer of Copyrights Agreement should be signed and sent to the address listed below:


Prof. Małgorzata Gutry-Korycka,

Hydrology Department,  Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies,

University of  Warsaw,

Krakowskie Przedmieście 30,

00-927 Warsaw, Poland

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