Contemporary materials engineering requires the use of materials characterised by high mechanical properties, as these precisely
properties determine the choice of material for parts of machinery and equipment. Owing to these properties it is possible to reduce
the weight and, consequently, the consumption of both material and energy. Trying to meet these expectations, the designers are
increasingly looking for solutions in the application of magnesium alloys as materials offering a very beneficial strength-to-weight ratio.
However, besides alloying elements, the properties are to a great extent shaped by the solidification conditions and related structure.
The process of structure formation depends on the choice of casting method forced by the specific properties of casting or by the specific
intended use of final product. The article presents a comparison of AZ91 magnesium alloys processed by different casting technologies.
A short characteristic was offered for materials processed by the traditional semi-continuous casting process, which uses the solidification
rates comprised in a range of 5 - 20⁰C/s, and for materials made in the process of Rapid Solidification, where the solidification rate can
reach 106 ⁰C/s. As a result of the casting process, a feedstock in the form of billets and thin strips was obtained and was subjected next
to the process of plastic forming. The article presents the results of structural analysis of the final product. The mechanical properties
of the ø7 mm extruded rods were also evaluated and compared.