The production process of prosthetic restorations runs in two stages. In the first stage, the prosthetic foundation is produced of metal
alloys. In the second stage, a facing material is applied on the produced element. In both stages, the wettability is significantly important,
as well as the free surface energy relating to it. The quality of the obtained cast depends on the surface phenomena occurring between the
metal alloy and the material of which the casting mould is made. The performed examinations also point to a relation between the ceramics
joint and the base, depending on the wetting angle.
The aim of the presented paper was to examine influence of the composition of a Ti(C,N)-type coating on bases made of the Ni-Cr
prosthetic alloy on the wettability and the surface free energy.
The test material were disks made of the Ni-Cr alloy with the diameter of 8 mm. The disks were divided into five groups, which were
covered with Ti(C,N) coatings, with different amounts of C and N in the layer. In order to determine the surface free energy (����), the
wetting angle was measured. Two measure liquids were applied: distilled water and diiodomethane.
The obtained results of the measurements of the water-wetting angles suggest that together with the increase of the ratio of nitrogen to
carbon in the Ti(C,N) coating, the surface hydrophobicity increases as well. In all the samples, one can see a large difference between the
energy values of the polar and the apolar components. The high values of the polar components and the low values of the apolar ones make
it possible to conclude that these surfaces exhibit a greater affinity to the polar groups than to the apolar ones.
On the basis of the analysis of the surface free energy, one can state that covering the alloy with Ti(C,N)-type coatings should not decrease
the adhesion of the ceramics to the alloy, whereas TiC coatings should lead to the latter’s improvement. Due to their hydrophilicity, TiC
coatings should decrease the adhesion of bacteria to the surface and hinder the formation of a bacterial biofilm.