Applied sciences

International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications


International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications | 2010 | vol. 56 | No 2

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Comparison of Evolutionary Algorithm and Heuristics for Flow Optimization in P2P Systems Nowadays, many Internet users make use of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) systems to download electronic content including music, movies, software, etc. Growing popularity in P2P based protocol implementations for file sharing purposes caused that the P2P traffic exceeds Web traffic and in accordance with to many statistics, P2P systems produce a more than 50% of the whole Internet traffic. Therefore, P2P systems provide remarkable income for Internet Service Providers (ISP). However, at the same time P2P systems generates many problems related to traffic engineering, optimization, network congestion. In this paper we focus on the problem of flow optimization in P2P file sharing systems. Corresponding to BitTorrent-based systems behaviour, the optimization of P2P flows is very complex and in this work we consider different heuristic strategies for content distribution and moreover we propose a new evolutionary algorithm (EA) for this problem. We compare results of the algorithms against optimal results yielded by CPLEX solver for networks including 10 peers and relation to random algorithm for 100-node systems. According to numerical experiments, the EA provides solutions close to optimal for small instances and all of the heuristics exhibit a superior performance over random search.
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Authors and Affiliations

Michał Kucharzak
Krzysztof Walkowiak
Adam Siwek
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Evaluation Scheme for NoC-based CMP with Integrated Processor Management System With the opportunities and benefits offered by Chip Multiprocessors (CMPs), there are many challenges that need to be addressed in order to exploit the full potential of CMPs. Such aspects as parallel programs, interconnection design, cache arrangement and on-chip cores allocation become a limiting factor. To ensure validity of approaches and research, we propose an evaluation system for CMPs with Network-on-Chip (NoC) and processor management system integrated on one die. The suggested experimentation system is described in details. The proposed system that is used for tests and results of the experiments are presented and discussed. As decision making criteria, we consider energy efficiency of Processor Allocator (PA) and NoC, as well as NoC traffic characteristic (load balance). In order to improve the system understanding, brief overview on most important NoC and PA architectures is also presented. Analyzed results reveal that CMP with a PA controlled by IFF allocation algorithm for mesh systems and torus-based NoC driven by DORLB routing with express-virtual-channel flow control achieved the best traffic balance and energy characteristic.
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Authors and Affiliations

Dawid Zydek
Henry Selvaraj
Leszek Koszałka
Iwona Poźniak-Koszałka

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