Applied sciences

Polityka Energetyczna - Energy Policy Journal

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Polityka Energetyczna - Energy Policy Journal | 2022 | vol. 25 | No 1 |

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Abstract

The aim of the article is to consider current global and European trends in ensuring a sufficient level of energy efficiency, to provide an analysis of the institutional environment for energy security, and the development and justification of a conceptual and analytical model of energy generation and consumption at the regional level in decentralization reform in Ukraine. The current trends of world energy consumption are illustrated, the forecast of renewable energy development is built and an analysis of energy efficiency of the national economy is performed. The article presents a study of the formation of an integrated municipal energy-management system of Ukrainian communities and municipalities depending on their urbanization and offers the use of conceptual analytical model of generation-consumption. A number of normative and organizational-institutional proposals on the standardization of energy-efficiency improvement processes are provided. Analysis of the energy efficiency of communities can be modeled at the conceptual level with the study using an analytical model: a) energy-efficiency factors of this model, financial instruments for its effective functioning as a mechanism of interest budget revenues and specialized funds functional dependence of the target function of the energy generation-consumption model, taking into account the generation methods and the main consumers at the appropriate levels; b) the risks and shortcomings of this process, which propose a number of regulatory and institutional changes to improve the effectiveness of effective energy efficiency policies of communities and energy security of the state on the basis of energy cooperation and organization of the biofuel exchange. The model of organization and functioning of the cooperative for generation and consumption of solar energy, which is based on the regulatory framework, is represented as a model structural and functional solution. This allowed the development of scientific and applied recommendations for improving the legal provisions, which would allow the community to become an effective player in the wholesale energy market, selling it at a “green” tariff.
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Authors and Affiliations

Oksana Borodina
1
ORCID: ORCID
Halyna Kryshtal
2
ORCID: ORCID
Mira Hakova
3
ORCID: ORCID
Tetiana Neboha
4
ORCID: ORCID
Piotr Olczak
5
ORCID: ORCID
Victor Koval
6
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Institute of Industrial Economics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  2. Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, Ukraine
  3. Dnipro National University, Ukraine
  4. State Organization “Institute of Market and Economic & Ecological Researches of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”, Ukraine
  5. Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
  6. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
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Abstract

The structural economic problems of Turkey have led to the significant challenges for the development of the country, especially in the postcoronavirus economy. One of such challenges is the achievement of the sustainable development imperatives in combination with the preservation of the competitive advantages of the Turkish economy. The loss of the major drivers of the economy of the country, including tourism and logistics, in complex with the economic deterioration of the monetary system of the country are the major components of the current crisis. This controversy is analyzed in the paper along with the search for the best options of the energy sphere development in Turkey. This search covers economic aspects of the current situation in the country. The authors put forward and prove a hypothesis that Turkey energy system can be more influential on its economic development. This proof is based on the energy mix analysis and on the thorough review of the potential of the country for the green energy development and its economic effectiveness for the country. The key findings of the article include the proof that the sustainable development and the green energy development in Turkey are quite different processes, which are on intention divided by political measures, the proof that Turkey has serious issues in development of the energy sector due to its low influence on the economic development in its current state, the developed recommendations for the better structuring of the energy sector development.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ibragim Pashaev
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy, MGIMO University, Russia
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Abstract

The article proposes a methodology for the formation of a combined model of the equilibrium values of pricing and the volume of electricity production, taking into account green and traditional sources of electricity production on the example of Ukraine. In accordance with the projected price and volume of electricity production in 2021, a model for redistributing electricity sources were considered, taking into account the minimization of budgetary resources and the risk of electricity production with appropriate restrictions in the production of various types of electricity and their impact on minimizing the price for the end user.
The studies have shown that important factors in the formation of electricity prices are indicators of the cost and volume of production, distribution and transportation of electricity to consumers, which largely depends on the formation and further development of the energy market in Ukraine. Also, the redistribution of the volumes of traditional and non-traditional electricity in the common “pot” is of great importance while minimizing risks and budgetary constraints. Balancing the system for generating electricity from various sources will help not only optimize long-term electricity prices and minimize tariffs for the end user, but also allow planning profit in the form of long-term market return on investment.
The analysis of the results showed that the optimal distribution of energy production makes it possible to obtain energy resources in the required volume with lower purchase costs and with minimal risk.
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Authors and Affiliations

Yuliia Halynska
1
ORCID: ORCID
Tetiana Bondar
2
ORCID: ORCID
Valerii Yatsenko
3
ORCID: ORCID
Viktor Oliinyk
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Department of International Economic Relations, Sumy State University, Ukraine
  2. Department of Management, Sumy State University, Ukraine
  3. Economic Cybernetics Department, Sumy State University, Ukraine
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Abstract

Recently, interest in incorporating distributed generators (DGs) into electrical distribution networks has significantly increased throughout the globe due to the technological advancements that have led to lowering the cost of electricity, reducing power losses, enhancing power system reliability, and improving the voltage profile. These benefits can be maximized if the optimal allocation and sizing of DGs into a radial distribution system (RDS) are properly designed and developed. Getting the optimal location and size of DG units to be installed into an existing RDS depends on the various constraints, which are sometimes overlapping or contradicting. In the last decade, meta-heuristic search and optimization algorithms have been frequently developed to handle the constraints and obtain the optimal DG location and size. This paper proposes an efficient optimization technique to optimally allocate multiple DG units into a RDS. The proposed optimization method considers the integration of solar photovoltaic (PV) based DG units in power distribution networks. It is based on multi-objective function (MOF) that aims to maximize the net saving level (NSL), voltage deviation level (VDL), active power loss level (APLL), environmental pollution reduction level (EPRL), and short circuit level (SCL). The proposed algorithms using various strategies of inertia weight particle swarm optimization (PSO) are applied on the standard IEEE 69-bus system and a real 205-bus Algerian distribution system. The proposed approach and design of such a complicated multi-objective functions are ultimately to make considerable improvements in the technical, economic, and environmental aspects of power distribution networks. It was found that EIW-PSO is the best applied algorithm as it achieves the maximum targets on various quantities; it gives 75.8359%, 28.9642%, and 64.2829% for the APLL, EPRL, and VDL, respectively, with DG units’ installation in the IEEE 69-bus test system. For the same number of DG units, EIW-PSO gives remarkable improved performance with the Adrar City 205-bus test system; numerically, it shows 72.3080%, 22.2027%, and 63.6963% for the APLL, EPRL, and VDL, respectively. The simulation results of this study prove that the proposed algorithms exhibit higher capability and efficiency in fixing the optimum DG settings.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mohamed Zellagui
1
ORCID: ORCID
Adel Lasmari
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ali H. Kasem Alaboudy
3
ORCID: ORCID
Samir Settoul
2
ORCID: ORCID
Heba Ahmed Hassan
4
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Batna 2, Algeria
  2. Department of Electrotechnic, Faculty of Technology, Mentouri University of Constantine, Algeria
  3. Electrical Department, Faculty of Technology and Education, Suez University, Egypt
  4. Electrical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Egypt
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Abstract

In 2021, the Polish gas transmission system operator GAZ-SYSTEM, in cooperation with the Danish gas and electricity transmission system operator Energinet, began construction of a new gas pipeline from Norway to Poland via Denmark. It will be the first connection of Scandinavian countries with Central-Eastern European countries. The Baltic Pipe gas pipeline is very important for Poland, which is gradually reducing its dependence on Russian gas supplies and strives to expand the energy infrastructure with neighboring countries in order to integrate the Central and Eastern European gas system within the North-South corridor and become a gas hub in this part of Europe. The aim of this article is to answer the following questions: How important is the Baltic Pipe for Poland? Will the gas pipeline have a significant impact on the diversification of gas supplies in short-term and will it contribute to the improvement of the energy security of Central and Eastern Europe in long-term? Will it contribute to the integration of energy systems within the North-South Corridor and the Three Seas Initiative?
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Authors and Affiliations

Oksana Voytyuk
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Department of History&International Relations, University in Bialystok, Poland
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Abstract

Anthropopression has become a factor of many negative environmental changes, including climate change. As a response to these changes, the European Union (EU) has already cut the GHG emission by 24% compared to 1990 levels. However, the goals are far greater since the Paris Agreement states that global warming should be kept down to near 2 degrees Celsius, ideally 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. By 2050, the proportion of global energy produced from coal must decline by between 73 and 97 percent to accomplish this objective. The global employment structure would definitely be affected by this decarbonization in the long run. In this paper, we concentrate on a preliminary evaluation of Poland’s future job market. As Poland’s economy is still driven by coal, energy conversion will have a significant influence on the country’s economy. However, decarbonization is both an opportunity and a challenge for the future labor market. As per research findings, the transition to renewable power would be a net job creator with the potential for new quality workers in the renewable energy industry both directly in the construction and installation of renewable power plants and indirectly in the industry that supplies the items for the system. According to the preliminary investigation of Poland’s future labor market, the future of Polish energy is the cohesion of clean energy sources and decentralized energy, while offshore wind energy in the Baltic Sea can play an important role in the national energy transition, as well as contributing to the country’s energy security and reducing environmental pollution.
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Authors and Affiliations

Olga Janikowska
1
ORCID: ORCID
Abdelkareem Abdallah Abdelkareem Jebreel
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
  2. Sapienza University of Rome, Roma RM, Italy
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Abstract

The global biofuel industry is characterized by a wide range of legislative and regulatory measures for the development of bioenergy. In order to stimulate the production of biofuels, a set of measures has been developed, including legislative regulation, indicative planning of production volumes, preferential taxation and budget support. Ukraine is among the top ten largest consuming countries of energy resources. Weak and inconsistent state policy in the sphere of biofuels as well as inconsistent legislative provisions regulating activities in the field of production, circulation and use of biofuels, impede the effective development of the biofuel market in Ukraine. The purpose of this article is to determine the components of the system of state regulation of bioenergy and to identify effective mechanisms with regard to improving the legal regulation of the biofuel market in Ukraine. The management processes discussed in this article are provided by several methods, which particularly relate to the functioning of power structures and the end results or goals of the public administration system. Currently, there are significant inconsistencies in the formation and further functioning of the regulatory framework with the legislation of the European Union on the rational use of fuel and energy resources, the limitations of which increase due to inconsistencies between centralized and regional distribution. Therefore, further processes of effective economic development of Ukraine will largely depend on solving the problem of the sustainable provision of available renewable energy resources. Future development of the biofuels market in Ukraine will strongly depend on the institutional and legal conditions in the field of production, circulation and use of biofuels.
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Authors and Affiliations

Grygorii Kaletnik
1
ORCID: ORCID
Natalia Pryshliak
1
ORCID: ORCID
Michael Khvesyk
2
ORCID: ORCID
Julia Khvesyk
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Vinnytsia, Ukraine
  2. National Academy of Sciences in Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
  3. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kiev, Ukraine
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Abstract

This paper considers modern production technologies of solid biofuels from the point of view of compliance with labor protection and environmental safety measures. The relevance of the study lies in the fact that environmental safety, in our opinion, supported by the results of the analysis of literature sources and their research, covers almost all residential areas of the community. The purpose of this scientific research is to develop theoretical foundations and practical management solutions to ensure environmental safety when producing solid biofuels. Thematic works of domestic and foreign specialists form the theoretical and methodological basis of the research. The following methods of scientific research were used as objective methods: logical analysis of knowledge, scientific generalization, deduction and analogies. The practical significance of the obtained results lies in the application of established models and emergency situations as well as environmental safety in practice. An environmental safety system was developed that regulates the state in its natural conditions based on established production control models for solid biofuels. The article presents recommendations for students of higher educational institutions (technical areas) to study materials on labor protection and the environmental safety of our time.
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Authors and Affiliations

Larysa E. Piskunova
1
ORCID: ORCID
Oleksandr I. Yeremenko
1
ORCID: ORCID
Tetiana O. Zubok
1
ORCID: ORCID
Hanna A. Serbeniuk
1
ORCID: ORCID
Zoia V. Korzh
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
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Abstract

The development of the modern economic system is becoming increasingly dependent on the sufficient provision of quality energy resources due to the intensification and transformation of the mechanization and automation of all industries. The growth of the energy needs of society is parallel to the awareness of the need to ensure the environmentally friendly development of society. There are a number of reasons for the search for new energy sources, including the limited reserves of traditional sources, dependence on oil-exporting countries, the greenhouse effect due to the entry of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and air pollution by harmful gases. The biofuel sector offers the potential for both the development of national agriculture and for increasing its energy independence. Global trends in the rapid development of bioenergy in combination with the systemic crisis of the energy sector in Ukraine have necessitated a detailed study on the possibility of increasing the yield of biofuels from crops. The economic and mathematical modeling of the possibility of increasing the yield of bioethanol and vegetable oil from agricultural crops has been carried out. An economic optimization model has been formed, which made it possible to study an increase in the yield of bioethanol from sugar-containing and starch-containing crops and vegetable oil from oil crops from 1 ton per 1 hectare of area. Also, an assessment of the lost yield for the investigated crops has been carried out using the method of analysis of the functioning environment (Farrell’s method).
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Authors and Affiliations

Natalia Pryshliak
1
ORCID: ORCID
Andrii Sakhno
1
ORCID: ORCID
Dina Tokarchuk
1
ORCID: ORCID
Hanna Shevchuk
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Vinnytsia, Ukraine
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Abstract

Electric vehicles are predicted to blossom in Egypt in future years as an emerging technology in both the transportation and power sectors, contributing significantly to the decrease of fossil-fuel usage and CO2 emissions. As a result, to mitigate overloads of the vehicle energy demand on the nation’s electric grid, a solar PV system can be used to provide the electricity needs of an EV charging station. This objective of this paper is to present the design, simulation and economic analysis of a grid-connected solar-power system for an electric-charging station at a workplace in 6th October city, Egypt using PVSOL simulation tool to supply energy to the charging station and office-building appliances. The ideal orientation of the PV panels for maximum energy was determined using data from the photovoltaic geographical information system and predicted load- -profile patterns. The amount of electricity generated the efficiency of the PV power system, financial analysis in terms of investment costs and the return on assets, and the ability to reduce CO2 emissions are all estimated in this study. This system also evaluates annual energy predictions and is used for electric-vehicle charging, grid feeding, and appliance consumption. Due to the relatively high solar insolation in Egypt; PV production energy was 10,463 kWh per year and the annual yield is 1,786.69 kWh/kWp. Of the power from PV generation, 66% is utilized for charging the electric vehicle and 34% for electrical appliances. After applying the financial analysis for 20 years; the electricity production cost is 0.0032 $/kWh and the payback period for this proposed system is about five years. The annual energy costs after the installation of PV systems proposed system created a financial saving of 21%. The performance ratio of this system inverter is 84% and the monthly average of the electric vehicle SOC over a year doesn’t decrease out of 27% plus 5 tons of CO2 emissions per year were avoided. This research can be used as a recommendation for stakeholders who want to use this energy source for vehicle charging.

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Authors and Affiliations

Marwa M. Ibrahim
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Mechanical Engineering Department, National Research Centre (NRC), Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

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